Mount Kilimanjaro 5895m/19,341ft

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MT KILIMANJARO 5895m/19,341ft

Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest mountain at 5895m/(19,341feet), It is the world's giant free-standing mountain that began forming about a million years ago and is composed of many layers of hardened volcanic ash, and lava, which made fragmental material that is the fallout from a volcanic eruption.

Mount Kilimanjaro is the fourth of those Seven Summits, the highest peak on the seven continents, Mt. Kilimanjaro is found in Tanzania East Africa. Mt. Kilimanjaro lies within the 756 square kilometers, that is Kilimanjaro National Park. Kilimanjaro rises from its base plains Tanzanian municipality of Moshi, making it the tallest free-standing mountain in the world.

Three volcanic cones make up Kilimanjaro: Kibo is the king summit at the elevation of 5895m/ (19,341 feet) AMSL, Mawenzi at 5,149m, and Shira at 3,962 meters. Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo's crater rim. Uhuru, Swahili which means "Freedom," was named in 1961 after Tanganyika gained its independence in 1961.

Tanganyika later joined with the islands of Zanzibar to form Tanzania, While the other two volcanic formations are extinct, meaning that they are highly unlikely to erupt again, Kibo is a sleeping volcano so there is the possibility that it could erupt. Estimates have the last major eruption dated to 355,000 years ago, but volcanic activity was recorded just 200 years ago. Kibo is dormant, gas is emitted into the crater, causing several collapses and landslides, with the most extensive ones creating the area known as the Western Breach.

Kilimanjaro encompasses a wide variety of ecosystems, including tropical jungle, savannah, and desert to montane forests, subalpine plants, and the alpine zone above the treeline. Kilimanjaro has a large variety of forest types that harbor 1200 vascular plant species. Montane Ocotea forests occur on the wet southern slope. Cassipourea and Juniperus forests grow on the dry northern slope. Subalpine Erica forests at 4100m represent the highest elevation cloud forests in Africa. Another feature of the forests of Kilimanjaro is the lack of a bamboo zone, which occurs on all other tall mountains in East Africa with similarly high rainfall.

Because there is no bamboo zone there is a limited supply of food for animals. However, several species thrive in the area. Blue-black monkeys, which are not blue but grey or black with a white throats, gather in the forest zone on the Rongai Route. Olive baboons, civets, leopards, mongooses, and bush pigs, which have a distinctive white stripe running along their back from head to tail, are abundant.

There are honey badgers and aardvarks, but visitors rarely get to see these nocturnal creatures. Noisy bushbabies, which are also nocturnal creatures, can be more easily heard than seen. There are also small-spotted genets with distinctive black-and-white tails and loud tree hyraxes that are similar to chipmunks.

Note that; Kilimanjaro mountain is bordered by two Kenyan national parks, which made big wild animals climb up and down the mountain for food, water, and mineral salt plus shelters in the forest, keep in mind that it will be possible to see the big animal in the eastern side and western side of the mountain such as caped buffalo, elephant, eland, leopard, giraffe and many other big animals

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro In Tanzania

It is a relatively safe climb and most climbers who fail to summit experience altitude-related issues or harsh weather near the peak. Temperatures at the peak are 0 degrees C (up to minus 20 C), and if the winds are blowing strongly, sometimes reach dangerous levels.

The climb can be done any time of year but the rainy winter season makes the summer and early fall a popular time to climb. Kilimanjaro has six climbing routes and more than twelve options to reach the summit African Treks And Safari Biking, offer you the exactly more than twelve best options that will help you to reach the actual summit of 5895m of Mount Kilimanjaro:

The route offered by the Kilimanjaro national park are Marangu Route; Machame Route; Rongai Route; Lemosho Route; Umbwe Route; and Shira Route. The popular route is Machame and Lemosho routes which are the most scenic, while the busy Marangu is the easiest until the difficult final ascent to the rim of the crater the Gilman point 5685m/18652Ft.